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Nail Infection

Finding a faster way to address warning signs of a Nail infection

According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, onychomycosis, a highly contagious nail infection, affects 3 to 5% or the 12 million American population (1)

Paronychia is another type of nail infection representing 35% of all hand infections in the U.S (2)

What is a nail infection?

A severe nail infection affects the toenail or fingernail and causes small cracks surrounding the nail or on the skin between the nail and finger.

Type of microbe Common examples Infection type
Fungal Cladosporium carrionii or Candida tropicalis Onychomycosis
Bacterial Staphylococcus aureus Paronychia

MicroGen Health screens for 22 pathogens that cause nail infections.

Who needs to be tested?

Nail infection can affect anyone but those with complications should not delay treatment if they belong to the following categories:

  • Elders- especially those with comorbidities
  • Patients with
    • pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, cancer, etc.
    • a suppressed immune system
    • blood circulation issues
    • Athletes’ foot

Can nail infection be contagious?

Yes, nail infections are contagious and can easily spread between people through

  • Direct contact from surfaces
  • Walking barefoot in damp community areas such as swimming pools, shower areas, locker rooms, and gyms.

What tests does my doctor need to order?

A variety of fungi and bacteria can cause nail infections. Analyzing the specific type of organism causing infection might lead to better treatment options.

MicroGen Health follows an advanced diagnostic approach toward the detection of nail infections.

qPCR testing includes DNA extraction from nail scrapings, followed by quantitative analysis to investigate:

  • The specific pathogen
  • Co-infections, to differentiate between bacterial eg., Green nail syndrome and fungal infection-causing agents.

Tests Include

Screens for 22 nail-related pathogens that may be the cause of the fungal growth:

Fungi

  • Xenoacrimonium recifei
  • Candida albicans
  • Alternaria alternata
  • Candida glabrata
  • Acremonium strictum
  • Candida parapsilosis
  • Candida tropicalis
  • Cladosporium carrionii
  • Epidermophyton floccosum
  • Microsporum canis
  • Trichophyton metagraphytes (var. Mentagraphytes)
  • Trichophyton mentagraphytes (var. Interdigitale)
  • Scopulariopsis brevicaulis
  • Trichophyton rubrum
  • Trichophyton schoenleinii
  • Trichophyton soudanense
  • Trichophyton tonsurans
  • Trichophyton verrucosum
  • Trichophyton violaceum

Bacteria

  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Antibiotic-Resistant Genes

  • mecA
  • Mcr-1
  • tetM
  • tetS
  • vanA
  • vanB
  • sul1

How long does it take to receive the results?

Detection & Identification of pathogens:

Diagnostic methods Turnaround time
Traditional methods (culture-based) 72 hours
PCR analysis 24 hours

Now we are just a call away! Book our Home Sample Collection Facility and we will reach out to you.

How does MicroGen Health offer a better investigation?

MicroGen Health

  • Offers end-to-end solutions pertaining to the overall diagnosis of nail infections
  • Investigates drug-resistant pathogens for better treatment
  • Increases safety and efficacy via antibiotic-resistant gene analysis
  • Provides reports within 24 hours

MicroGen Health enables patients a safe, error-free quality analysis that assists a hassle-free treatment.

  • Specimen requirements

    Nail, Tissue

  • Turn around time:

    24 hours

Resources/References

Beckmann, B.M., Pfeufer, A., & Kääb, S. Inherited cardiac arrhythmias: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2011 Sep;108(37):623-33 (2011) Kimura, A. Molecular genetics and pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy. J Hum Genet. Jan;61(1):41-50 (2016)